Any new and distinct useful scientific invention such as a machine, an electronic circuit, software program, chemical composition may be patented. Further, a combination of known elements which integrate to form a new substance which was substantially unknown previously may also be patented provided that it is not merely an admixture which is an obvious modification of previously known objects.
Abstract ideas may not be patented. Similarly, scientific theories, discoveries, mathematical techniques or presentation of information can not be patented. Literary works, dramatics, musicals, and artistic works can not be patented, but are protected by copyrights. Names, logos, slogans and other things which identify the source of a product or service can not be patented but are protected by way of trademarks as explained in https://openlab.citytech.cuny.edu/gotconcept/elon-musks-greatest-inventions/ article.
Can I own a patent for an invention that I developed during the normal course of my employment?
An invention which is made during the normal course of employment is owned by the employer where that invention is related to the business of the employer. However, where the invention has been made by the employee in his own time and using his own resources, then the employee may be able to claim a patent over the invention. Still, these cases are not very clearly demarcated and can be assessed more accurately by a qualified attorney or a patent agency such as InventHelp.
In the Unites States, patent rights are granted to an inventor by the federal government through the Unites States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Unlike trademarks, which can be registered with individual states, states are not allowed to issue patents. Additionally, common myths such as the “poor man’s patent” and common law patent protection do not protect an invention.